DEPICTING THE OTHER

DEPICTING THE OTHER

What kinds of beliefs and attitudes do these videos project onto the foreign “other”?

All transcripts were ran through a natural language processing tool that parsed out unique names, words, and locations within each document. The identified nationalities, non-American locations, races, and ethnicities were recorded for each script. These words were processed through the corpus with Voyant Tools to assess concordance.

Conclusion:

Of the videos that mentioned foreign nations, countries of South America, Africa, were not overtly portrayed in a negative context but were often mentioned in the same context as disease and wild, untame land. Countries such as Sweden, Norway and Denmark were presented as exemplary models.

FINDINGS

Unique places, nationalities, ethnicities, race terms identified within the corpus:

Commandments for Health: Drinking Water

“Here’s you, here’s the gorilla, a few dead J*ps, some pigs, and a native village.”

Commandments for Health: Native Food

“Thou shalt eat only the rations inspected, found fit and provided for thy use for verily many native foods contain poisons more treacherous than a J*p warlord.”

He doesn’t realize he’s in the South Pacific. He thinks he’s in the Brown Derby!
[Daydreaming about turkey and steak]
[Looks like he’s about to throw up and pushes food away]
Yea, yea, I know, Mac. It’s monotonous. Same thing day-after-day.
But it’s good food and it’s good for ya!
[Pulls his belt tighter to a hole that’s labeled ‘Damn Hungry’]
But Mac’ll show ’em how to get along on a South Pacific island.

Commandments for Health: Personal Cleanliness

Japanese man: We’sa good news! We discovered we have in the South Pacific, Yankee
Marine, who help our Japanese war effort.
Japanese man: This’a Yankee, all the time make honorable bowel movement in wrong location!
All his buddy Yankee get dysentery!
Japanese Man: Woo, make weak like pussycat! This honorable Yankee a’name, uh, McGillicuddy!
Soldiers: McGillicuddy!?

*the Japanese man depicted is portrayed speaking broken English and his image is depicted using exaggerated, charicature-like features, contributing to racialized stereotypes

DDT : Weapon Against Disease

‘The mosquito had helped the J*p to bring on the end.In the Pacific, DDT goes to war against malaria in a big way – by airplane. On D-Day at Morotai, we hit both enemies at the same time. The J*p and disease.
Simultaneous with the bombing of our two-legged enemy, we went after the mosquito with DDT spray”

*the film uses the derogatory term “J*p” directly compares Japanese people to mosquitos and trivializes the bombing waged against them in comparing them to mosquitos being sprayed with DDT

Time was when disease conditions in other lands didn’t concern us much.
The Black Death, bubonic plague of India, the orient, and Africa.
Periodically sweeping through the crowded millions.
Transmitted from the rat to the human by — the flea.
Typhus, common to nearly every densely populated city on Earth.
Explosive epidemics wiping out almost entire populations.
Transported by the — louse.
Malaria, scourge of the tropics, carried by — the Anopheles mosquito.
And the many filth diseases that can be born by flies, including the dread cholera.
But these were all in far off places with strange names.
And maybe, in the security of our homes and families, we shuddered at the thought
that such things could happen in the 20th century.
And then suddenly, they weren’t in another world after all.
Our own men were out there, all over the globe, and disease was as much a menace as
the enemy’s bullets.
We learned the full import of that — at
Bataan.

**Americans were not subject to the scourge of disease until venturing “out there” to distant lands”

Strictly Personal

Don’t try to improve on nature with one of those thick Ubangi mouths. Follow the natural line of the lips and don’t use exotic lip shades; they are not chic, and they are certainly not G.I.”

*The Ubangi are people who live in the Congo River basin, depictions of African and African-American people at the time included stereotypical racialized features often exaggerating lips and skin tone, below is an example from a Belgian comic, TinTin, popular during the early 20th century where the main character visits the Congo.

The Silent War: Colombia’s Fight Against Yellow Fever

“Now the vaccine is taken to army hospitals where the entire Colombian army, unit-by-unit,
is vaccinated against yellow fever.
Now they can go safely to their outposts in the jungle.
These soldiers are safe and because of this pioneering work, when our heavy guns are
lifted in the jungle, the men behind them will be strong.
Ready to fight in the African Congo, on the dark islands of the South Pacific, in
the jungles of Burma, in the Solomon’s,
in the depths of New Guinea, in the Philippines when we’ve come to take them one-by-one.
Our men, today, are safe against yellow fever.
Free to fight the worst disease of all: fascism.
Until that too, shall be blasted from the face of the earth.

“Fiebre amarilla. The yellow fever. The fever that eats men, that kills their father, their
brothers.
The fever of the jungle is to be feared no longer.
The blessed medicine has come.
Years of difficult work, years of collaboration between men of the United States,
Cuba, Panama, Brazil, Colombia.
Years of courage in the laboratory and in the jungle come to their climax here, in
this patio of the mayor’s house.
The vaccination will be here in the open air.”

**The ordering of the phrase suggests United States: laboratory as Cuba, Panama, Brazil,Colombia: jungle**

To The People of the United States syphilis education

“So in the last year, before the Nazi invasion, New York State, one of the most progressive
states infighting syphilis, had 50,000 new cases reported. Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, combined, had only 2,000″

“I was born in Denmark. Some years ago I went back for a visit.
I was amazed at their progress in the field of venereal disease and I took some home
movies.
You can see for yourself how Denmark attacks the problem.
There is one of the big community clinics in Copenhagen, Denmark.
There’s a young couple entering the clinic together for blood tests before getting
married.
There’s no shame attached, no questions of secrecy.”


“When Danes or Swedes or Norwegians hear that syphilis is a naughty word in America,
they laugh. In Copenhagen, it’s no crime to have syphilis. It’s only a crime not to take treatment for syphilis”

**Nordic countries are presented as an example to be followed and celebrated for their advancements and progressiveness

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